Vladivostok (Russian: ru-Vladivostok.ogg Владивосто́к​) is Russia's largest port city on the Pacific Ocean and the administrative center of Primorsky Krai. It is situated at the head of the Golden Horn Bay not far from Russia's border with China and North Korea.

It is the home port of the Russian Pacific Fleet.



Coordinates: 43°8′N 131°54′E

The city is located in the southern extremity of Muravyov-Amursky Peninsula, which is about 30 km long and approximately 12 km wide.


The highest point is Mount Kholodilnik, the height of which is 257 m. Eagle's Nest Mount is often called the highest point of the city; however, with the height of only 199 m (214 m according to other sources), it is the highest point of the downtown area, but not of the whole city.


Vladivostok shares the latitude with Sapporo, Sukhumi, Almaty, Florence, Marseille, A Coruña, Boston, and Toronto.


Railroad distance to Moscow is 9,302 km. The direct distance to Moscow is 6,430 km. Direct distance to Bangkok is 5,600 km, to Darwin—6,180 km, San Francisco—8,400 km, Lisbon—10,100 km, London—8,500 km, to New Delhi—5,085 km, to Seoul—750 km, to Tokyo—1,050 km, to Beijing—1,331 km.



Average precipitation and temperature

Mean annual temperature: 4.3 °C (39.7 °F)

Average temperature in January: −13.7 °C (7.3 °F)

Average temperature in August: 20.2 °C (68.4 °F)

Average annual precipitation: 722 mm (strong summer maximum)

Köppen climate classification: Dwb (monsoon-influenced humid continental climate, warm summers)


The city's population was 594,701 as of the 2002 Census; down from 633,838 recorded in the 1989 Census. Ethnic Russians and Ukrainians make up the majority of the population.


From 1958 to 1991, only Soviet citizens were allowed to live in Vladivostok or visit it (and even then had to obtain an official permission). Before this closure, the city had large Korean[8] and Chinese populations.[9] Some Koreans who were deported during Stalin's rule from the Russian Far East have since returned, particularly to Vladivostok.[10]


Vladivostok has one of the largest Armenian communities in eastern Russia. There are a number of Armenian bakeries and restaurants in the city. There are also sizable communities of Chechens, Azeris and Tajiks in the city.[11] According to the latest statistics, there are currently about 100,000 Muslims living in the Russian Far East.[12]



The city's main industries are shipping, commercial fishing, and the naval base. Fishing accounts for almost four-fifths of Vladivostok's commercial production. Other food production totals 11%.


The main export items were fish, timber products, ferrous and non-ferrous metals, and ships. The main import items were food products, medicine, clothing, footwear, automobiles, household technical items, and ships.


Administrative status

Country                                               Russia

Federal subject                                   Primorsky Krai

In administrative jurisdiction of Primorsky Krai  [citation needed]

Administrative center of Primorsky Krai  [citation needed]


Municipal status

Municipal Status                                Urban okrug

Head[citation needed]                      Igor Pushkaryov[citation needed]

Representative body                         Duma[citation needed]



Area                                                    600 km2 (231.7 sq mi)[citation needed]

Population (2002 Census)                 594,701 inhabitants[1]

- Rank                                                 23rd

- Density                                             991 /km2 (2,600/sq mi)[2]

Time zone                                           VLAT/VLAST (UTC+10)

Founded                                             July 2, 1860[citation needed]

Postal code(s)                                                 690xxx[citation needed]

Dialing code(s)                                    +7 4232[citation needed]

Official website                                  http://www.vlc.ru/


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